Sustainability of degradable plastic bags

In recent years, the issue of plastic pollution has attracted widespread attention around the world. To address this issue, biodegradable plastic bags are considered a viable alternative as they reduce environmental hazards during the decomposition process. However, the sustainability of biodegradable plastic bags has also raised some concerns and controversies.

First of all, we need to understand what is a degradable plastic bag. Compared with traditional plastic bags, it has a remarkable feature, that is, it can be decomposed into smaller molecules under certain conditions (such as high temperature, humidity, etc.), thereby reducing the impact on the environment. These molecules can be further broken down into water and carbon dioxide in the natural environment.

Degradable plastic bags do reduce the problem of plastic pollution during the decomposition process, but at the same time, there are still some problems with their life cycle. From production to recycling and disposal, there are still a series of challenges.

First, producing biodegradable plastic bags requires a lot of energy and resources. Although some bio-based resources are used in the production process, it still needs to consume a lot of water, land and chemicals. In addition, carbon emissions during production are also a concern.

Secondly, the recycling and disposal of biodegradable plastic bags are also facing certain difficulties. Since degradable plastics require specific environmental conditions during the decomposition process, different types of degradable plastic bags may require different disposal methods. This means that if these plastic bags are mistakenly placed in the regular trash or mixed with recyclable waste, it will have a negative impact on the entire recycling and processing system.

In addition, the decomposition speed of biodegradable plastic bags has also caused controversy. Studies have shown that some biodegradable plastic bags take a long time to completely decompose, and it may even take years. This means that during this period of time, they may cause certain harm and pollution to the environment.


In response to the above problems, some enterprises and scientific research institutions have begun to develop more environmentally friendly alternatives. For example, some bio-based materials, renewable plastics, and degradable bioplastics have been widely studied and used. These new materials can reduce the harm to the environment during the decomposition process, and the carbon emission in the production process is low.

In addition, the government and social enterprises are also taking a series of measures to promote the sustainability of degradable plastic bags. Some countries and regions have formulated strict regulations to limit the use of plastic bags and promote the development and promotion of degradable plastic bags. At the same time, for the recycling and processing of degradable plastic bags, it is also necessary to further improve relevant policies and establish a more mature recycling and processing system.

In conclusion, although biodegradable plastic bags have great potential in reducing plastic pollution, their sustainability issues still need continuous attention and improvement. By developing greener alternatives, improving recycling and disposal systems, and strengthening policies and regulations, we can take an important step towards tackling plastic pollution.

Post time: Jul-21-2023